Determination of mineral elements composition of ethanolic stem extract of saccharum barberi

Ejoba. R., Ayeni G and Ocholi I. U

Aim: The aim of this work is to determine mineral elements composition of ethanolic stem extract of Saccharum barbari.
Materials and Methods: Fresh stem of Saccharum barbari were obtained from Magongo in Ogori/Magongo Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. 350g of the dried stem was macerated in 250 ml of 80% ethanol for 72 hours to allow the solvation of the solution. The mixture was separated using muslin cloth and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness. The residue was used for phytochemical screening, proximate composition and mineral elements determination.
Results: The yield extract was 20.0g. The phytochemical screening indicate the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and saponins in high concentration with steroids and tannins in trace amount. The results of proximate analysis showed that moisture content, carbohydrate and crude fibre were highly concentrated in the extract (62%, 32.30 and 29.200.16) with fat, protein and ash found in traces amount. The concentration of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium were reasonably high (178.201.47mg/100g, 861.400.66mg/100g, 367.100.98mg/100g). However, traces amount of zinc, potassium sodium, manganese and iron were observed.
 Conclusion: The bioactive agents present visa vis its macronutrients and micronutrients had made this plant a novel source of fodder and its use as herb.

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